Love and compassion bring people together. That sounds obvious, but the current state of world affairs suggests otherwise. Now and throughout history, those things are bypassed in the name of individualistic interest.
Manuel Forcano, one of Catalan’s leading love poets, primarily focuses on romantic love. That’s true of his 2019 collection Maps of Desire (Arc Publications) too.
But he also explores how romanticism can be extended to societal love and community cohesion. As the book’s translator Anna Crowe says:
‘I believe Maps of Desire succeeds in suggesting both the physical and psychological reaching-out towards other parts of the world that characterises the poems within its pages’.
Forcano centres his sense of motion around travel in the Middle East. Crucially, he both celebrates and breaks down the differences by tying communities together via love; we all feel it, we all mourn it when it’s over, and we all need it if society is going to function properly.
So how do the poems offer insight into love’s necessity in a societal context? Here are three interesting ways…
The History of Love and Landscapes
Much of the emphasis in Maps of Desire is on how love responds to landscapes. Or indeed, how landscapes reflect or influence love.
‘The Baghdad Train’, for example, is rich in the history and geographical prowess of the Middle East and, while capturing a contemporary moment, shows how those connections stretch back centuries.
But he also uses history to explore how the end of love can unite cultures:
‘People search among the stones
for pieces of those mirrors where joy
remained engraved. Even now
we dream the pleasure of others.’
Every society around the world has a distinct culture, but feelings are universal. When societies aren’t functioning peacefully, they often look to those who are for guidance.
Foreign aid is one thing, but it needs to come from a true place of love to actually heal divisions.
Identity, War and Peace
Identity and deepening diversions due to it reflect that lack of love.
In ‘The Huge River’, Forcano hones his practice of taking the personal and making it universal:
‘But often love means trying to hold water
in the fingers of an open hand’.
Those fears and perceptible doubts are felt just as keenly by communities healing from conflict as they are by individuals. Whilst those feelings are deep-rooted, by recognising that issue we can start to make a difference.
And Forcano does offer hope for those affected by contemporary conflict. In ‘Beirut’, he combines the sentimental value of memory with nationalistic symbolism to great effect:
at first so sharp in the mind
then later leaching colour
like a flag too long in the wind.’
By pointing to decaying authoritarian power, Forcano mirrors the drive to stop the current stream of nationalist uprisings.
People in oppressed communities know they aren’t that different from us. There needs to be further recognition of that from the Western world.
Organised religion’s relationship with love is a complex one.
With so many factions in the leading faiths having different interpretations, it’s pretty much impossible to pinpoint a unifying definition of love.
Hailing from Catholic Spain, Forcano reflects religion in a societal sense both in terms of community and via the homoerotic tones in his verse. In ‘The Baghdad Train’, he chimes into the idea that (in theory) forms the origin of all religious love:
‘God is beautiful and that is why he delights in beauty,’
someone recited from the Qu’ran’.
But he mines another inclusive angle on ‘Egyptian Mysteries’. After referencing discussions around religion and love, sex and ‘sin’, he alludes to how gay desire is STILL halted by religion within many societies. When he rounds off the poem by saying:
‘I don’t know which I should thank: whether philosophy
he shows doubt, before deciding that he looks to religion for guidance in love in too much.
Mainstream religion has a long way to go before being a totally safe space for gay people, but Forcano owns and embraces his sexuality all the same. In some societies that’s currently not possible, but increasing awareness is a kick-starter for a more equal world.
Love – in all its forms – is something everybody experiences.
Identity, religion and history change love’s meaning, and politics struggles to deal with those changes.
It might seem facile to turn to love poetry as a demarcation of unity. But poetry has always been about deeper connectivity, and Manuel Forcano’s work is proof of that in a context which effects every society.
Find out more about how Forcano uses love to reflect society by grabbing a copy of Maps of Desire today.